||Invention of Coppertwaddle by Gerald of Worcester
||Moving on from his popular printing The Game and Play of Chess
Moralised in 1474, William Caxton publishes the first printed version of
Coppertwaddle, then known variously as Cooper's Tort, the Tort, Coopers Twaddle
or Copper Twaddle.
||Catholic version printed in Bologna, possibly the work of Platone
Benedetti; became popular in monasteries and royal courts throughout Europe,
though was to be discouraged forcefully by the Papal Inquisition.
||First "official" regulated rules published; known as the 3rd
Folio (Cooper's Tort)
|1520 - 1540
||Several rival printed versions; Folios 4 to 7; little of
certainty is known of these editions.
||Lutheran version printed (in French); reaches England as the 8th
||Society of Coppertwaddlers established to regulate the game at
Henry VIII's court, some say under the patronage of Queen Anne or even the King
himself; all that is known is that "an anonymous benefactor" supplied funds for
the printing of a 9th and later a 10th Folio
||Remains of an unofficial "Puritan" version have been dated to
this time; however it is possible that this was a special edition produced by a
leading Twaddler at James I's court. This version is known as the 11th Folio,
but is largely discredited. [Note: some authorities suggest that this version
is merely an elaborate forgery.]
||Coppertwaddle was banned under the Protectorate, and the Society
was officially suppressed, though it is known that the 10th Folio was still
played. There is even evidence of Anglo-Dutch Coppertwaddle tournaments played
on a periodic basis in Amsterdam and Oxford.
|1660 - 1680
||On the restoration of Charles II the Society was re-established
with a lavish royal grant. The 12th Folio was issued at this time, but was
unfortunately lost when Cooper's Hall was burnt down during the Great Fire. The
12th Folio was replaced by a new 13th Folio, which was really a reversion to a
modified 10th. This version was played down to the 20th century in
||A bastardised version of Coppertwaddle (known as "Rattlesnake")
was produced in the United States, though little played in the UK. It became a
popular gambling game in the Mississippi delta. This was known in the UK as the
14th Folio, but was shunned by the Society.
||15th Folio published, together with a more rigorously structured,
modern-looking turn sequence. House rules and variants are notorious throughout
the 20th century, a trend dating back to the earliest days.
||Publication of the Surprised Stare Games edition of the 16th
Folio (previously known as the Worcester Variant of the 15th Folio).